Fort Scratchley Historic Site, with its commanding position guarding the Hunter River Estuary, is undoubtedly Newcastle’s most spectacular vantage point and is worth the visit for the view alone. Overlooking Nobbys Beach and lighthouse, the Fortress boasts panoramic ocean, coastline, harbour and city views. The site has seen a wide range of human activities over the centuries. A guided tour brings the fascinating history of this national treasure to life. It was built in 1882 to defend the city against a possible Russian attack.